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Inicio de vida sexual, uso de anticonceptivos y planificación familiar en mujeres adolescentes y adultas en México

Resultados. En 2012, 31.2% de las adolescentes (15-19 años) había iniciado vida sexual; el uso del condón aumentó de 31.8 a 47.8% entre 2006 y 2012. El 47.9% de 30 a 34 años y 53.2% de 35 a 49 años reportaron no haber usado anticonceptivo en su última relación sexual. En las áreas rurales se reporta menor uso de anticonceptivos en la última relación sexual. Un alto porcentaje no optó por anticonceptivo postevento obstétrico: 52% (15-19 años), 44.2% (20-29 años), 42.5% (30-34 años) y 39% (≥35 años). Conclusiones. Se requieren políticas equitativas que promuevan el uso de anticonceptivos, particularmente en el periodo postevento obstétrico.   Results. In 2012 31.2% of 15-19 year old adolescent women had undergone sexual debut. Condom use increased from 31.8% in 2006 to 47.8% in 2012. Women in rural areas reported lower levels of contraceptive use at last sexual intercourse; 47.9% of 30-34 year-old and 53.2% of 35-49 year-old women reported not using any contraception at last sexual intercourse. A high percentage of women did not adopt contraception after the most recent obstetric event: 52% (15-19 years), 44.2% (20-29 years), 42.5% (30-34 years) and 39% (≥35 years)]. Conclusions. Equitable policies to promote contraception, particularly after a post-obstetric event, are needed.
Authors: Allen-Leigh, Betania, Aremis Villalobos-Hernández, Maria I. Hernández-Serrato, Leticia Suárez, Elvia de la Vara, Filipa de Castro, Raffaela Schiavon-Ermani
Year: 2013

Languages: Spanish

Regions: Latin America

Countries: Mexico

Topics: Contraception

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