Region: Latin America

Una vuelta de tuerca a la objeción de conciencia

En esta publicación sobre la objeción de conciencia (OC) a la ILE en Argentina, desarrollado por Ipas y la Red de Acceso al Aborto Seguro, Argentina (REDAAS), presentamos una propuesta para regular la OC en el marco de una política pública. Esto lo hacemos de manera empíricamente informada –en particular, relevando las formas que adquiere la OC, y las opiniones de profesionales de la salud sobre las causas e impacto a través de una encuesta y una serie de entrevistas– y con un encuadre conceptual que pone en juego anhelos normativos, necesidades concretas, experiencias cotidianas tanto de los equipos de salud como de las autoridades sanitarias, así como las características estructurales de la formación médica, las condiciones institucionales de los servicios de salud y el ambiente sociopolítico.

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Zika virus infection in Brazil and human rights obligations

The February 2016 WHO declaration that congenital Zika virus syndrome constitutes a Public Health Emergency of International Concern reacted to the outbreak of the syndrome in Brazil. But the government’s urging to contain the syndrome, which is associated with microcephaly among newborns, is confounded by lack of reproductive health services. Women with low incomes in particular have little access to such health services. The emergency also illuminates the harm of restrictive abortion legislation, and the potential violation of human rights regarding women’s health. Proposed suggestions for remedying the widespread health-care inequities in Brazil are instructive for other countries where congenital Zika virus syndrome is prevalent.

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Zika virus is a matter of reproductive justice

From a public health and human rights perspective, what would be most helpful to women and communities significantly affected by the Zika outbreak is accurate and comprehensive information, and access to rapid diagnosis and counseling on the health risks. Furthermore, there needs to be a massive overhaul in national policies: Safe abortion should be a legal option for women.

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How can we tolerate anti-LGBTQ rhetoric at a major human rights forum?

The presence of religious conservatives with an anti-woman, anti-gay, anti-trans agenda at the OAS is not new. But it is of increasing concern as they continue agitating to dismantle human rights while scenes of unprecedented violence play out across the world…As Orlando demonstrates, any setback to human rights, as designed by these groups, will only lead to more violence.

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Brazil’s criminal abortion laws are killing women

Because Brazilian law only permits abortion in cases of rape, fetal anencephaly, or risk to life, in 2012 the country’s Ministry of Health reported only 1,626 legal abortions in a nation with 203 million people. However, an estimated one million Brazilian women have abortions every year. Many of those women, particularly those without the financial or social resources to see a well-trained, willing provider, run a huge legal risk when they decide to end an unwanted pregnancy. The physical consequences also can be devastating.

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Aborto inducido en México: Qué piensan y hacen los ginecoobstetras

Background: the grounds for the legal termination of pregnancy in the Mexican Republic vary according to the provisions of the Constitution of each state; as of 2007 it is legal in Mexico City. Objective: to identify the knowledge, attitudes and practice of abortion among gynecologists and obstetricians. Conclusions: it is necessary to increase and improve technical and legal knowledge about abortion, especially among OB / GYNs, who are responsible for complying with what the law indicates, in accordance with international recommendations and the exercise of the reproductive rights of the woman.

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After jailing women, Bolivia weighs legalizing abortion

The nation’s top court is scheduled to meet Monday to review a constitutional challenge to the country’s abortion laws and to other policies that impede women’s access to a full range of human rights. A positive decision would mean that for the first time in 41 years, Bolivian women meeting certain conditions for an abortion would be free from criminal sanctions.

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Incorporating human rights into reproductive health care provider education programs in Nicaragua and El Salvador

Health care providers play a central role in the promotion and protection of human rights in patient care. Consequently, the World Medical Association, among others, has called on medical and nursing schools to incorporate human rights education into their training programs. This report describes the efforts of one Central American nongovernmental organization to include human rights–related content in reproductive health care provider training programs in Nicaragua and El Salvador. Evaluation findings suggest that exposure to educational materials and methodologies that emphasize the relationship between human rights and reproductive health may lead to changes in health care provider attitudes and behaviors that help promote and safeguard human rights in patient care.

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Cuando el aborto es un crimen: La Amenaza para mujeres vulnerables en América Latina

Este informe analiza los hallazgos de una investigación de Ipas de la aplicación de leyes que penalizan el aborto en tres países sudamericanos –Bolivia, Brasil y Argentina— y es el primero en una serie de informes de Ipas sobre el impacto de la penalización del aborto en países alrededor del mundo. Documenta casos de cientos de mujeres y profesionales de la salud que han sido arrestados, acusados, detenidos y a veces encarcelados por violar las leyes referentes al aborto. Hace un llamado a los gobiernos con leyes restrictivas de aborto a que eliminen el aborto de los códigos penales y lo traten como cualquier otro servicio de salud.

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Mi honor, Mi cuerpo, Mi salud: Promoviendo los derechos sexuales y reproductivos de la juventud

En este librito se describe el trabajo de Ipas con la juventud para promover sus derechos sexuales y reproductivos. Con hechos y explicaciones concisas —más historias de Nepal, Sudáfrica y Ecuador—el librito destaca los retos que enfrentan las personas jóvenes y las oportunidades que tienen para ser líderes y trabajar con personas adultas para diseñar políticas y servicios de salud que sean adecuados para la juventud.

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