Medical abortion—also called medication abortion or the abortion pill—is a method of using pills to end a pregnancy through a process similar to a miscarriage. Like vacuum aspiration, medical abortion is very safe and effective—in both the first and second trimesters of pregnancy. It also offers unique advantages. It provides a noninvasive method of ending an unwanted pregnancy that women can use in a range of settings, and often in their own homes.
The most effective medicines for inducing abortion are mifepristone and misoprostol used in combination. Where mifepristone is not available, misoprostol used on its own is also effective.
Medical abortion is especially promising for women most at risk of turning to dangerous or ineffective abortion methods, and for those for whom cost, distance or other factors make reaching other abortion services difficult or impossible. Millions of women around the world have already chosen this proven technology.