Provider authorization

Association and Non-Governmental Organization resources

Ipas Publications

Ipas, Deciding Women's Lives are Worth Saving: Expanding the Role of Midlevel Providers in Safe Abortion Care, Issues in Abortion Care 7 at 15 (2002)

Other Organizations' Resources

Center for Reproductive Rights. Promote Access to the Full Range of Abortion Technologies: Remove Barriers to Medical Abortion (2005)
Permit the broadest category of providers to offer medical abortion in the widest range of health care settings. Where women have little or no access to physicians, medical abortion provided by non-physicians in a broad range of settings could significantly improve women's ability to undergo abortion safely.
International Planned Parenthood Federation, Access to Safe Abortion: A tool for assessing legal and other obstacles (2008)
An assessment tool that professionals and other interested people can use to become aware of legal and other obstacles that make access to safe abortion difficult or impossible. Includes discussion on restrictions on performing personnel.
Guttmacher Institute, Making Abortion Services Accessible in the Wake of Legal Reforms: A Framework and Six Case Studies (April 2012)
Identifies a frame- work of activities that are essential to successfully implement less restrictive abortion laws, including expanding personnel performing abortions.

Professional Associations

International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Ethical Guidelines on Safe Motherhood (2012)
The training of traditional birth attendants (TBAs) has proven to be inefficient on its own to reduce maternal mortality. The management of life-threatening complications in pregnancy and childbirth needs services which cannot normally be provided by TBAs.
International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Ethical Guidelines on Task Shifting in Obstetric Care (2012)
The most significant challenge to reducing maternal mortality in low- resource settings is the unavailability of specialists (obstetricians in low- resource settings). The World Health Organization has described task-shifting as the rational redistribution of tasks among health workforce teams. When feasible, healthcare tasks are shifted from higher-trained health workers to less trained health workers in order to maximize the efficient use of health workforce resources. Sets forth the main types of human resources among whom tasks can be shifted. Also recommends that task shifting could include training of medical graduates, mid-level providers and extending skills of existing doctors. Includes mid-level providers skills in emergency obstetrics, including use of misoprostol.
International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Ethical Guidelines on Brain Drain of Healthcare Workers (2008)
In some countries where the underproduction of healthcare workers is a major problem, task-shifting and the assembly of new cadres of workers should be encouraged. Nurses and pharmacy assistants and other paramedicals may fill gaps in care.