Right to life

Association and Non-Governmental Organization resources

Ipas resources

Other Organizations' Resources

Center for Reproductive Rights, Whose Right to Life? Women's Rights and Prenatal Protections under Human Rights and Comparative Law, 2012.
Covers international human rights law as well as law under regional human rights bodies, such as the European Court of Human Rights and the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. Also covers constitutional law of select countries.
Center for Reproductive Rights and University of Toronto, International Sexual and Reproductive Health Law Programme Faculty of Law amicus brief to the European Court of Human Rights in the case of ABC v Ireland (2008).
International standards support prenatal life through ensuring safe pregnancies and supporting family planning. International and European comparative standards recognizing that the protection of prenatal life must be pursued through proportionate means that give due consideration to the human rights of women. Procedural and other measures are employed to balance state interests in protection of prenatal life and women's human rights.
Center for Reproductive Rights, Bringing Rights to Bear: Abortion and Human Rights , Government duties to ease restrictions and ensure access to safe services (2008).
Review of UN TMB standards regarding abortion and identification of gaps in standards. International human rights law reflects an understanding of life protection as practically indistinguishable from considerations of health protection in the abortion context.
International Planned Parenthood Federation, Access to Safe Abortion: A tool for assessing legal and other obstacles.

Provider Association Resources

International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Ethical Guidelines on Brain Death and Pregnancy (2011).
This guideline recognizes that the primary patient is the pregnant woman, even if she becomes brain dead during pregnancy. It continues that after maternal wishes and her best interests are considered, the best interests of the fetus must also be considered, even where fetus is in law not yet a person.
International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Ethical Guidelines Regarding Interventions for Fetal Well Being (2011).
Recognizes that a fetus is completely dependent on the pregnant woman, although it may benefit from health care, and that any treatment must go through her body. There may be situations where interests of pregnant woman and fetus do not coincide, such as not attending antenatal care or use of tobacco or alcohol or not choosing to accept certain procedures aimed at preserving fetal well-being, including Caesarean section for fetal indications. However, no woman who has the capacity to choose among health care options should be forced to undergo an unwished-for medical or surgical procedure in order to preserve the life or health of her fetus, as this would be a violation of her autonomy and fundamental human rights.